Hand, foot and mouth disease
Hand, foot and mouth disease is a common childhood illness that can affect adults. It usually clears up by itself in 7 to 10 days.
Check if it’s hand, foot and mouth disease
The first signs of hand, foot and mouth disease can be:
- a sore throat
- a high temperature, above 38C
- not wanting to eat
After a few days mouth ulcers and a rash will appear.
The symptoms are usually the same in adults and children, but they can be much worse in adults.
It’s possible to get hand, foot and mouth disease more than once.
If you’re not sure it’s hand, foot and mouth disease
Look at other childhood rashes.
Hand, foot and mouth disease has nothing to do with foot and mouth disease that affects farm animals.
How to treat hand, foot and mouth disease yourself
You can’t take antibiotics or medicines to cure hand, foot and mouth disease, it has to run its course. It usually gets better in 7 to 10 days.
To help with the symptoms:
- drink fluids to prevent dehydration (avoid acidic drinks such as fruit juice)
- eat soft foods like soup (avoid hot and spicy foods)
- take paracetamol or ibuprofen to help ease a sore throat and bring down a temperature
A pharmacist can help with hand, foot and mouth disease
Speak to your pharmacist for advice about treatments, such as mouth ulcer gels, sprays, and mouthwashes to relieve pain. They can tell you which ones are suitable for children.
See your GP if:
- your symptoms don’t improve after 7 to 10 days
- you or your child has a very high temperature, or feel hot and shivery
- you’re worried about your child’s symptoms
- your child is dehydrated - they’re not peeing as often as usual
- you’re pregnant and get hand, foot and mouth disease
Hand, foot and mouth disease is infectious. Check with your GP surgery before you go in. They may suggest a phone consultation.
How to stop hand, foot and mouth disease spreading
Hand, foot and mouth disease is easily spread to other people. It’s spread in coughs, sneezes and poo.
You’re infectious from a few days before you have any symptoms, but you’re most likely to give it to others in the first five days after symptoms start.
To reduce the risk of spreading hand, foot and mouth disease:
- wash your hands often with warm water and soap (and teach children to do it)
- use tissues to trap germs when you cough or sneeze
- bin used tissues as quickly as possible
- don’t share towels or household items (such as cups or cutlery)
- wash soiled bedding and clothing on a hot wash
Stay off work, school or nursery
Stay off work or keep your child away from school or nursery while they’re feeling unwell.
Check with your school or nursery guidance on when children can return after hand, foot and mouth disease.
Hand, foot and mouth disease in pregnancy
Although there’s normally no risk to the pregnancy or baby, it’s best to avoid close contact with anyone who has hand, foot and mouth disease.
This is because:
- having a high temperature during the first 3 months of pregnancy can lead to miscarriage, although this is very rare
- getting hand, foot and mouth disease shortly before birth can mean the baby is born with a mild version of it
Speak to your GP or midwife if you have been in contact with someone with hand, foot and mouth disease.
If you can’t speak to your GP or don’t know what to do next.