Type 2 diabetes
Food and keeping active
A healthy diet and keeping active will help you manage your blood sugar level. They’ll also help you to control your weight and generally feel better.
You can eat many types of foods
There’s nothing you can’t eat, but you’ll have to limit certain foods.
- eat a wide range of foods - including fruit, vegetables, some starchy foods such as pasta
- keep sugar, fat and salt to a minimum
- eat breakfast, lunch and dinner every day - don’t skip meals
If you need to change your diet, it might be easier to make small changes every week.
Information about food can be found on these diabetes sites:
Once a year you should go for a regular diabetes check to make sure your blood pressure and your cholesterol (blood fats) level are ok.
Help with changing your diet
If you find it hard to change your diet, a dietitian might be able to help.
Talk to your GP or diabetes nurse to see if the cost could be covered through the NHS.
Being active lowers your blood sugar level
Physical exercise helps lower your blood sugar level. You should aim for 2.5 hours of activity per week.
You can be active anywhere, as long as what you’re doing makes you out of breath. This could be:
- fast walking
- climbing stairs
- doing more strenuous housework or gardening
The charity Diabetes UK has tips on how to get active.
Your weight is important
Losing weight (if you’re overweight) will make it easier for your body to lower your blood sugar level and can improve your blood pressure and cholesterol (blood fats).
To know whether you’re overweight, work out your body mass index (BMI).
If you need to lose weight, try and do it slowly over time, about 0.5 to 1 kilo a week.
The charity Diabetes UK has more information on healthy weight and weight loss.