Flucloxacillin is an antibiotic.
Flucloxacillin is used in children, often to treat ear infections and chest infections.
The medicine is available only on prescription. It comes as capsules or as a liquid that you drink. It can also be given by injection, but this is usually done in hospital.
Flucloxacillin sounds like floo-klok-suh-sil-in.
- Take flucloxacillin on an empty stomach. This means 30 to 60 minutes before a meal or snack, or at least 2 hours after.
- For most infections, you should feel better within a few days.
- The most common side effects are feeling sick and diarrhoea.
- You can drink alcohol while taking flucloxacillin.
- Flucloxacillin is called by the brand name Floxapen.
Who can and can't take flucloxacillin
Flucloxacillin can be taken by adults, including pregnant and breastfeeding women.
Flucloxacillin can be taken by children.
To make sure flucloxacillin is safe for you, tell your doctor if you:
- have had an allergic reaction to penicillin, flucloxacillin or any other medicines in the past
- have liver or kidney problems
- have recently had, or are about to have, any vaccinations
How and when to take it
The usual dose of flucloxacillin is 250mg to 500mg taken 4 times a day. In children, the dose may be lower.
It's best to take flucloxacillin on an empty stomach. This means 30 to 60 minutes before a meal or snack, or at least 2 hours after.
Try to space your doses evenly throughout the day. For example, first thing in the morning (before breakfast), at around midday (before lunch), late in the afternoon (before tea) and at bedtime.
How to take it
Swallow flucloxacillin capsules whole with a drink of water. Don't chew or break them.
There's a liquid flucloxacillin available for children and people who find it difficult to swallow tablets.
If you or your child are taking flucloxacillin as a liquid, it'll usually be made up for you by your pharmacist. The medicine will come with a syringe or spoon to help you take the right amount. If you don't have a syringe or spoon, ask your pharmacist for one.
What if I forget to take it?
If you forget to take a dose, take one as soon as you remember, unless it's nearly time for your next dose. In this case, just leave out the missed dose and take your next dose as normal.
Never take 2 doses at the same time. Never take an extra dose to make up for a forgotten one.
If you forget doses often, it may help to set an alarm to remind you. You could also ask your pharmacist for advice on other ways to help you remember to take your medicine.
What if I take too much?
Try to take the correct number of doses each day, leaving at least 3 hours between doses.
Taking an extra dose of flucloxacillin by accident is unlikely to harm you or your child.
Talk to your pharmacist or doctor if you're worried or if you take more than 1 extra dose.
Like all medicines, flucloxacillin can cause side effects in some people, although not everyone will get them.
Common side effects
These common side effects of flucloxacillin happen in more than 1 in 100 people. Keep taking the medicine, but tell your doctor or pharmacist if these side effects bother you or don't go away:
- feeling sick
- bloating and indigestion
Serious side effects
Serious side effects are rare and happen to less than 1 in 1,000 people.
Tell a doctor straight away if you get:
- severe, bloody diarrhoea
- yellowing of the whites of the eyes and skin - this can be a sign of liver problems
- a severe skin rash, including flushing, fever, blisters or ulcers, round red patches, or skin that looks like it's been burnt
- bruising or discoloured skin
- joint or muscle pain that comes on after 2 days of taking the medicine
- dark pee
Some of these serious side effects may not happen for up to 2 months after finishing the course of flucloxacillin.
Serious allergic reaction
In rare cases, it’s possible to have a serious allergic reaction to flucloxacillin.
A serious allergic reaction is an emergency. Contact a doctor straight away if you think you or someone around you is having a serious allergic reaction.
The warning signs of a serious allergic reaction are:
- getting a skin rash that may include itchy, red, swollen, blistered or peeling skin
- tightness in the chest or throat
- having trouble breathing or talking
- swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat
These are not all the side effects of flucloxacillin. For a full list see the leaflet inside your medicines packet.
You can report any suspected side effect to the UK safety scheme.
How to cope with side effects
What to do about:
- feeling sick - stick to simple meals and try not to eat rich or spicy food
- diarrhoea and vomiting - drink plenty of water or other fluids. It may also help to take oral rehydration solutions you can buy from a pharmacy to prevent dehydration. Don't take any other medicines to treat diarrhoea or vomiting without speaking to a pharmacist or doctor
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
It's usually safe to take flucloxacillin during pregnancy and while breastfeeding.
For safety, tell your doctor if you're trying to get pregnant, are already pregnant or if you're breastfeeding.
Cautions with other medicines
There are some medicines that don't mix well with flucloxacillin.
Tell your doctor if you're taking these medicines before you start flucloxacillin:
- a blood thinner called warfarin
- other antibiotics
You should also let your doctor know if you've recently had, or are about to have, any vaccinations.
Mixing flucloxacillin with herbal remedies and supplements
There are no known problems with taking herbal remedies and supplements with flucloxacillin.
How does flucloxacillin work?
When will I feel better?
What if I don't get better?
Will it give me thrush?
Will it stop my contraception pill working?
Will it reduce my fertility?
Can I drive or ride a bike?
Can I drink alcohol with it?
Is there any food or drink I need to avoid?